SLAS2017 Short Courses
Affinity-Based, Biophysical Methods for Screening and Mechanistic Studies: How to Effectively Use a Growing Biophysical Toolbox to Find and Characterize Chemical Leads
The course will be delivered in two parts, the first section focusing on theoretical aspects in a seminar format and the following section dealing with practical applications in an open and active discussion format.
In the first section, you will receive a series of brief high-level presentations concerning the biophysical theory behind each technology and their application in lead finding, hit validation as well as more in depth mechanistic studies. This will enable you to gain an rapid overview of the most relevant biophysics/ label-free technologies for screening and lead finding/characterization.
In the second section you will be presented with some challenges how to effectively apply those technologies by looking at a range of common scenarios from different phases of lead discovery. This will include fragment-based drug discovery, hit validation and confirmation, in-depth hit characterization and support of HTS assay development. Making use of an active and open discussion forum, you, as a part of a team, will thereby gain further insight about the usage, impact, and limitations of each biophysical technology.
Who Should Attend:
- People interested in getting an overview about the current toolbox of affinity-based, biophysical methods currently applied in drug discovery.
- Experts in one of the fields (biophysical technologies) that want to learn more about other orthogonal approaches.
- Project leaders that want to understand what technologies suit their needs and how to place them correctly in finding and characterizing chemical leads.
- Medicinal chemists that want to learn more about the origin of biophysical data used in DMTA cycles (Design Make Test Analyze Cycles).
- Technology providers that want to gain more insight into the needs of typical users and the limitations they experience.
How You Will Benefit From This Course?
- Get a broad overview about what is available and state of the art in the field.
- Comprehend which technology best fits to individual project needs and scientific questions.
- Learn about typical applications and "best practice" as well as limitations and practical considerations.
- Understand how the biophysics technologies relate to each other and how they augment and synergize with data from other approaches.
- Be able to predict for a project which technology (or combinations thereof) serves best in a typical drug discovery flowchart along with its placement.
- Overview of the most relevant biochemical biophysics/ label-free technologies for screening and lead finding.
- Main technologies discussed in more detail: Mass Spectrometry; NMR; Calorimetry (DSC, ITC); SPR; Interferometry; Resonance Waveguide Grating (aka Corning Epic); thermal protein denaturation and aggregation assays (DSF aka Thermofluor, DSLS aka Stargazer, CETSA; nanoDSF); Dynamic Light Scattering; Microscale Thermophoresis (NanoTemper).
- Understand which technology and combinations thereof fits best to answer specific questions throughout the entire drug discovery process.
- Grasp how biophysics can support assay development for screening and how biophysical data can be used to fuel medicinal chemistry design.
Course Pre-Reading Requirements:
General introduction into affinity-based methods and their application in DD:
(articles which describe how the approaches work, caveats, and a summary of their impact)
- Affinity-based screening techniques: their impact and benefit to increase the number of high quality leads
Bergsdorf, Christian ; Ottl, Johannes
Expert opinion on drug discovery, November 2010, Vol.5(11), pp.1095-107
Identifier: E-ISSN: 1746-045X ; PMID: 22827747 Version:1 DOI: 10.1517/17460441.2010.524641
- Affinity-based, biophysical methods to detect and analyze ligand binding to recombinant proteins: Matching high information content with high throughput
Holdgate, Geoff A. ; Anderson, Malcolm ; Edfeldt, Fredrik ; Geschwindner, Stefan
Journal of Structural Biology, October 2010, Vol.172(1), pp.142-157
Identifier: ISSN: 1047-8477 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.jsb.2010.06.024
- Twenty years on: the impact of fragments on drug discovery
Daniel A. Erlanson ; Stephen W. Fesik ; Roderick E. Hubbard ; Wolfgang Jahnke ; Harren Jhoti
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery, 2016 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
Identifier: ISSN: 1474-1776 ; E-ISSN: 1474-1784 ; DOI: 10.1038/nrd.2016.109
- Integrating biophysics with HTS-driven drug discovery projects
Folmer, Rutger H.A.
Drug Discovery Today, March 2016, Vol.21(3), pp.491-498
Identifier: ISSN: 1359-6446 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.drudis.2016.01.011
- Applications of Biophysics in High-Throughput Screening Hit Validation
Genick, Christine Clougherty ; Barlier, Danielle ; Monna, Dominique ; Brunner, Reto ; Bé, Céline ; Scheufler, Clemens ; Ottl, Johannes
Journal of biomolecular screening, June 2014, Vol.19(5), pp.707-14
Identifier: E-ISSN: 1552-454X ; PMID: 24695619 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1177/1087057114529462
- Biophysics in Drug Discovery: impact, challenges, and opportunities,
Jean-Paul Renaud, Chun wa Chung, U. Helena Danielson, Ursula Egner, Michael Hennig, Roderick E. Hubbard, and Herbert Nar
Nature Reviews, August 2016, (advanced on-line publication)
Background Information on each technology/approach:
Making sense of Brownian motion: colloid characterization by dynamic light scattering
Hassan, Puthusserickal A ; Rana, Suman ; Verma, Gunjan
Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 13 January 2015, Vol.31(1), pp.3-12
Identifier: E-ISSN: 1520-5827 ; PMID: 25050712 Version:1 DOI: 10.1021/la501789z
Thermal denaturation assays in chemical biology
Senisterra, Guillermo ; Chau, Irene ; Vedadi, Masoud
Assay and drug development technologies, April 2012, Vol.10(2), pp.128-36
Identifier: E-ISSN: 1557-8127 ; PMID: 22066913 Version:1 DOI: 10.1089/adt.2011.0390
The cellular thermal shift assay for evaluating drug target interactions in cells
Jafari, Rozbeh ; Almqvist, Helena ; Axelsson, Hanna ; Ignatushchenko, Marina ; Lundbäck, Thomas ; Nordlund, Pär ; Martinez Molina, Daniel
Nature protocols, September 2014, Vol.9(9), pp.2100-22
Identifier: E-ISSN: 1750-2799 ; PMID: 25101824 Version:1 DOI: 10.1038/nprot.2014.138
MicroScale Thermophoresis: Interaction analysis and beyond
Jerabek-Willemsen, Moran ; André, Timon ; Wanner, Randy ; Roth, Heide Marie ; Duhr, Stefan ; Baaske, Philipp ; Breitsprecher, Dennis
Journal of Molecular Structure, 5 December 2014, Vol.1077, pp.101-113
Identifier: ISSN: 0022-2860 ; DOI: 10.1016/j.molstruc.2014.03.009
Affinity selection-mass spectrometry screening techniques for small molecule drug discovery
Annis, D. Allen ; Nickbarg, Elliot ; Yang, Xianshu ; Ziebell, Michael R. ; Whitehurst, Charles E.
Current Opinion in Chemical Biology, 2007, Vol.11(5), pp.518-526
Parallel screening of low molecular weight fragment libraries: do differences in methodology affect hit identification?
Wielens, Jerome ; Headey, Stephen J ; Rhodes, David I ; Mulder, Roger J ; Dolezal, Olan ; Deadman, John J ; Newman, Janet ; Chalmers, David K ; Parker, Michael W ; Peat, Thomas S ; Scanlon, Martin J
Journal of biomolecular screening, February 2013, Vol.18(2), pp.147-59
Identifier: E-ISSN: 1552-454X ; PMID: 23139382 Version:1 DOI: 10.1177/1087057112465979
Biomolecular interaction analysis in drug discovery using surface plasmon resonance technology
Huber, W ; Mueller, F
Current Pharmaceutical Design, 2006, Vol.12(31), pp.3999-4021
Identifier: ISSN: 1381-6128
Resonant waveguide grating for monitoring biomolecular interactions
Wu, Meng ; Li, Min
Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.), 2015, Vol.1278, pp.139-52
Identifier: E-ISSN: 1940-6029 ; PMID: 25859947 Version:1 ; DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2425-7_8
Direct measurement of protein binding energetics by isothermal titration calorimetry
Leavitt, Stephanie ; Freire, Ernesto
Current Opinion in Structural Biology, 2001, Vol.11(5), pp.560-566
Identifier: ISSN: 0959-440X ; DOI: 10.1016/S0959-440X(00)00248-7
Effective and Emerging Strategies for utilizing Structure in Drug Discovery
Brown, Ka ; Davenport, R ; Ward, Se
Drugs Of The Future, 2015 Apr, Vol.40(4), pp.251-256 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
Identifier: ISSN: 0377-8282 ; DOI: 10.1358/dof.2015.040.04.2314768
Dr. Christine Genick has been working since 2000 in the field of biophysics on the development of technologies and utilization of these approaches in drug discovery. In 2009, Chris joined Novartis as a laboratory head in charge of biophysical hit validation for HTS, FBS, and focused screen follow-up. In 2015, she joined the Structural Biophysics Group and in conjunction with her current responsibilities, she is the Core Biophysics Technology Representative, which entails searching for new biophysical applications and approaches to detect small molecule binding interactions. Chris also heads the SPR Core Facility and manages various exploratory projects involving biophysics.
Dr. Stefan Geschwindner has already during his Ph.D. worked with label-free technologies, predominantly with NMR to elucidate protein structures. Stefan joined the Astra Structural Chemistry Laboratory as a Senior Research Scientist in 1998 with focus on protein production and characterization applying a variety of biophysical methods. Before moving into his current role as Principal Scientist in Biophysics at AstraZeneca in 2006, he had different roles as Team leader in Protein Engineering as well as Delivery leader for Neuroscience. During this last decade, Stefan has frequently applied biophysical methods to facilitate the mechanistic understanding of protein-ligand interactions and to enable fragment-based lead generation approaches. He has the shared responsibility and an excellent track record for developing and implementing new biophysical approaches to aid early lead finding activities.